A new species of Pseudopodabrus Pic, 1906, P. foveatus sp. nov. (China: Yunnan), is described and illustrated. Another five species of this genus are recorded from China for the first time: P. brancuccii Wittmer, 1983 (Yunnan), P. impressiceps Pic, 1906 (Fujian, Guangdong), P. kabakovi Wittmer, 1983 (Yunnan), P. malickyi Wittmer, 1995 (Yunnan) and P. sulcatus Wittmer, 1983 (Yunnan). Pseudopodabrus malickyi is also recorded from Laos for the first time. Pseudopodabrus tuberculatus Wittmer, 1983 is excluded from the Chinese fauna. Two poorly known species, P. impressiceps and P. atriceps (Pic, 1922), are redescribed. Aedeagi of the redescribed and newly described species are illustrated, male heads of the redescribed and newly recorded species are photographed, all Chinese species are diagnosed and their distributions are summarized. Updated distribution maps are provided for all known species of Pseudopodabrus.