Čopjaková Renata, Škoda Radek, Vašinová Galiová Michaela (2012):
"Oxy-dravit" z turmalinitů krkonošsko-jizerského krystalinika:
Bulletin mineralogicko-petrologického oddělení, 20: 37-46.

Abstract

Tourmalinites (Tu+Qtz+Ms+Chl±Grt) from the Krkonoše-Jizera Crystalline Massif form stratiform layers hosted in mica schists (Ms+Qtz+Grt+Chl±Tu±Bt). The tourmaline usually exhibits three compositional domains. The oldest Mgrich tourmaline (Mg/(Mg+Fe) = 0.81 - 0.99) with fine-grade zoning volumetrically predominates. Mg-rich tourmaline is replaced on the rim by schorl-dravite (Mg/(Mg+Fe) = 0.51 - 0.69), and locally in muscovite rich layers is partly to fully replaced by tourmaline following trend between schorl-dravite and foitite-magnesio-foitite (Mg/(Mg+Fe) = 0.42 - 0.65). The volumetrically dominant Mg-rich tourmaline is alkali (0.59 - 0.85 apfu Na; 0.04 - 0.39 pfu Xvac; 0.03 - 0.19 apfu Ca), enriched in Al (6.14 - 7.09 apfu), and calculated WO2- (0.25 - 0.87 apfu O). It typically follows trend along a join between „oxy-dravite” and dravite. „Oxy-dravite“ (+ oxy-schorl) molecule (average 53 %) usually predominates over dravite (+schorl) molecule (average 23 %). The most prominent substitution is represented by the exchange vector Al3+O2- (Mg,Fe)2+ -1(OH)-1 -1. Magnesio-foitite (+ foitite) molecule varies between 4 - 39 % (average 16 %). Positive correlation between F and Ca indicates that F entered into the tourmaline structure via fluor-uvite component (4 - 19 %; average 8 %). Mg-rich tourmaline is an early formed, premetamorphic, and genetically related to sulfide deposit formations in closely associated amphibolites. Major and trace element composition indicates its formation during interaction of Al, Mg-rich vulcanosedimentary protolith with B-rich fluids. On the contrary, both generations of later schorl-dravite are interpreted to be metamorphic.