The collection of newspapers and magazines in the National Museum Library is a living collection; the oldest items are from the latter half of the 17th century, while the newest are from 'today' and this boundary moves every day. The department is the recipient of compulsory prints, where every publisher in the country is required to supply one copy of every publication. The collection grows by around 5000 each year – new editions of newspapers and magazines. The 'small castle' which is home to the Journal Department is no longer capable of housing all this material, so the department has detached depositories in Terezín.

The periodical collection is preservative in nature; the department is tasked with safeguarding and maintaining newspapers and magazines in good condition for future generations. Like other collections of the National Museum, it is part of our cultural heritage. Unfortunately, newsprint from the latter half of the 19th century is quite acidic and disintegrates over time, sometimes in a matter of a few years. For that reason, it has become necessary to seek methods to preserve at least the informational content of those items that are quickest to disintegrate and simultaneously are most often requested. Digitalization of such material is a lengthy process and there are not enough people available to do the job properly, so since 2005, the department has been involved in the digitalization program Kramerius, coordinated with the National Library. A long-term goal is to create our own digitizing workshop in the National Museum Library, which would supplement the existing digitalization workshops in the country.

Newspaper and magazines are sought-after historical sources, since they document first-hand the events of individual days of our history. The collection is available to the public in the department's Study Room only one day per week, partly to limit damage to the items, partly due to inadequate personnel.

On the accorded day (Thursday, 9 am–6:45 pm) there is often a line outside the castle of people waiting for a turn in the study. Despite that, the Journal Department's services are regarded as the best among libraries that collect periodicals. Without such superior service by the department's employees, it would not have been possible to create works like the Lexicon of Czech literature in the Czech Literature Department of AV ČR (Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic), various bibliographies, especially historical bibliographies of periodicals in Czech lands prepared under the leadership of the Moravian Municipal Library, or scientific and diploma works from the social sciences. One shortcoming of the department is serious and unfortunately, not immediately correctable – many titles or editions from the 1980s are not readily available to the public, since they have not been properly bound and shelved, and sufficient personnel and finances to do so are not available.