Manuscripts, early printed books and other items maintained in the collections of the Dept. of Manuscripts and Early Printed Books are available to library users in the Reading Room in Terezín at specified opening hours. Documents have to be ordered with at least one week in advance using the online form or personally in the New Building's Reading Room. More info at email@example.com or by telephone +420 224 497 342.
Department of Manuscripts and Early Printed Books
The Department of Manuscripts and Early Printed Books manages the rarest collections of the National Museum Library. These include a collection of manuscripts, which currently contains more than 6,000 volumes, a collection of incunabula, an exclusive collection of early printed books, predominantly Bohemica, and two palace libraries: the Nostitz Library and the Kinský Library. A conservation lab belongs to the Department.
For many years, the main part of the research at the Department of Manuscripts and Early Printed Books has focused on the issues of book provenance and the history of libraries and reading practice. This area of book history research was the subject of the PROVENIO Project: The Method of Book Provenance Research, supported by the Ministry of Culture of the Czech Republic /MC CR/ within the Applied Research and Development of National and Cultural Identity Programme /NAKI/, which the National Museum Library implemented in 2012–2015, and the follow-up project Virtual Reconstruction of Scattered Book Collections of Bohemical Provenance in the Czech and Foreign Libraries (NAKI of the MC CR), implemented by a consortium of three institutions (National Museum Library /NML/, the National Library of the CR /NL CR/ and the National Heritage Institute /NPÚ/) in 2018–2022 and coordinated by the National Museum Library.
Unlike the previous Provenio project, focused on the research into the library collections of remarkable individuals, important families and some institutions that have been preserved as a whole or in fragments in the Czech lands, the ongoing NAKI project is aimed at the research and recording of book collections from the possession of Czech collectors that have been preserved in libraries abroad. Information on the project has been gradually published on the Provenio website and relevant book records in the Provenio online database.
The employees of the department are also engaged in other areas of bibliological and codicological research, such as the history of book illustration in the early modern period (Jana Tvrzníková), technological research into bookbinding (Karel Křenek, Jan Novotný) and legal manuscripts in the late Middle Ages and the early modern period (Zdeněk Mužík). These component research objectives are fulfilled within the Long-Term Conceptual Development of a Research Organisation (DKRVO) programme.
In the last two years, the material research into the Manuscript of Dvůr Králové and the Manuscript of Zelená Hora was conducted by a team of experts not only from the National Museum but also from other important institutions.
- Online Catalogue of the Manuscripts and Early Printed Books of the National Museum Library (NML)
- Provenio - Provenance Database of Book Owners and the Book Provenance Records in the NML
- Scanned Catalogue of the Foreign Language Early Prints of the NML
- Transcript of the Bartoš’s Catalogue of the Manuscripts of NML (with supplements)
- Digitised Manuscripts and Early Printed Books of the NML in the Manuscriptorium
- Entries on the Manuscripts and Early Printed Books of the NML in the Manuscriptorium
Printed catalogues of the manuscripts
- František Michálek Bartoš: Soupis rukopisů Národního musea v Praze I [Catalogue of the Manuscripts of the National Museum in Prague I], Praha 1926.
- František Michálek Bartoš: Soupis rukopisů Národního musea v Praze II [Catalogue of the Manuscripts of the National Museum in Prague II], Praha 1927.
- Josef Vašica, Josef Vajs: Soupis staroslovanských rukopisů Národního musea v Praze [Catalogue of the Old Church Slavonic Manuscripts of the National Museum in Prague], Praha 1957.
- Václav Černý: Les Manuscrits Néolatins de la Bibliothèque du Musée National de Prague, Praha 1964.
- Pavel Brodský: Soupis iluminovaných rukopisů Knihovny Národního muzea [Catalogue of the Illuminated Manuscripts of the National Museum], Praha 2000.
- Michal Dragoun: Soupis středověkých rukopisů z dodatků ke katalogům F. M. Bartoše, J. Vašici a J. Vajse [An Inventory of the Medieval Manuscripts from the Supplements to the Catalogues by F. M. Bartoš, J. Vašica and J. Vajs], Praha 2011.
- Michal Dragoun, Jindřich Marek: Rukopisné zlomky Knihovny Národního muzea. Sbírky Adolfa Patery a Čeňka Zíbrta [The Manuscript Fragments of the National Museum Library. The Collections of Adolf Patera and Čeněk Zíbrt], Praha 2012.
- Marek Brčák et al: Rukopisné zlomky Knihovny Národního muzea, Signatura 1 A [The Manuscript Fragments of the National Museum Library. Shelf Mark 1 A], Praha 2014.
- Jiří Beneš et al: Rukopisné zlomky Knihovny Národního muzea, Signatura 1 B a 1 C [The Manuscript Fragments of the National Museum Library. Shelf Marks 1 B and 1 C], Praha 2015.
- Vlastimil Brom et al.: Rukopisné zlomky Knihovny Národního muzea, Signatura 1 D, 1 E a 1 G [The Manuscript Fragments of the National Museum Library. Shelf Marks 1 D, 1 E and 1 G], Praha 2016.
- Michal Dragoun: Rukopisné zlomky Knihovny Národního muzea, Signatura 1 K (Dodatky ke sbírkám Adolfa Patery a Čeňka Zíbrta) [The Manuscript Fragments of the National Museum Library. Shelf Mark 1 K (the Supplements of the Collections of Adolf Patera and Čeněk Zíbrt)], Praha 2018.
- Josef Vítězslav Šimák: Rukopisy Majorátní knihovny hrabat z Nostitz a Rhienecka v Praze [The Manuscripts of the Majorat Library of Counts of Nostitz and Rieneck in Prague], Praha 1910.
Printed catalogues of the printed books
- Jitka Šimáková, Jaroslav Vrchotka: Katalog prvotisků Knihovny Národního muzea v Praze a zámeckých a hradních knihoven v České republice [A Catalogue of the Incunabula of the National Museum Library in Prague and the Castle Libraries in the Czech Republic], Praha 2001.
- Jaroslav Vrchotka: Knihovna Bohuslava Duška [Bohuslav Dušek’s Library], Sborník Národního muzea / Acta Musei Nationalis Pragae – series C, Vol. 23 1978.
- Richard Šípek: Die Jauerer Schlossbibliothek Ottos des Jüngeren von Nostitz, Teil 1-2, Frankfurt am Main c2014.
- Eliška Bastlová: Collectio operum musicalium quae in Bibliotheca Kinsky adservantur, Praha 2013.
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Study and research facilities
The Department of Manuscripts and Early Printed Books administers the most valuable collections of the National Museum Library (NML):
- the collection of manuscripts, comprising more than 6,000 volumes
- the collection of incunabula
- a selected collection of mostly early printed Bohemica
- two palace libraries: the Nostitz Fideicommissum Library and the Palace Library of the Counts Kinsky.
A part of this department is a conservation laboratory.
The foundations of the manuscript collection were laid by generous gifts from museum supporters already in the 19th century. These included the collection from the library at Castle Březnice, containing a large part of the rarest manuscripts, e.g. Mater verborum, a dictionary from the 13th century and the Jaroměř Bible, a remarkable example of the French illumination art of the second half of the 13th century. The archbishop Václav Leopold Chlumčanský gave the NML Liber viaticus and Orationale Arnesti, two manuscripts from around the middle of the 14th century, whose depictions can be found in all major works on Bohemian illuminated manuscripts. Nevertheless, the thematic composition of the collection is much broader, including works on both social and natural sciences. Like in the case of the manuscript collection, the largest part of also the collection of early printed books (25,000 volumes) consists of gifts. Besides the above-mentioned museum supporters and founders, it comprises the libraries of Franz Anton von Kolowrat-Liebsteinsky and Franz Josef von Klebelsberg.
From the beginning, the collection of early printed books focused on Bohemica, i.e. it was to contain mainly works written in Czech or otherwise related to the Czech lands. The Nostitz Fideicommissum Library, built from the 17th century, came after the confiscation in 1945 under the administration of the National Museum. It comprises approximately 14,000 volumes and continues to be deposited in the original Baroque interiors of the Nostitz Palace in the Lesser Town of Prague.
The Kinsky Library was founded through the one-time purchase of 18,000 volumes at the beginning of the 19th century. By 1945, when it was confiscated from the original owners, this number had increased to more than 33,000 volumes. Significant parts of this library include a collection of book graphic designs and literature from the French Revolution.
The main tasks of the Department of Manuscripts and Early Printed Books include the provision of access to its collections for researchers, the cataloguing and description of individual collections. Manuscripts and early printed books are accessible for research online mainly through the Manuscriptorium and Portaro digital libraries. The catalogue of Czech-language early printed books is accessible online within the electronic retrospective bibliography Knihopis. Foreign-language printed Bohemica from 1501–1800 are recorded in the catalogue Bibliography of Foreign-Language Printed Bohemica.
The Department of Manuscripts and Early Printed Books provides access to its printed collections through the online catalogue Portaro and in the form of the scanned card catalogue in the RetrIS system.
The conservation laboratory is part of the Department of Manuscripts and Early Printed Books, but it also provides its services to other departments of the National Museum Library. The conservators ensure comprehensive protection of the physical condition of the historical book collections ranging from preventive care (the control and maintenance of stable climatic conditions, inspections of the condition of the collections, precautions for handling rare books, the production of specific protective packaging, the supervision of the transport and installation of exhibits at exhibitions and during digitisation, on-site conservation and restoration interventions) to complex restoration interventions using chemical-technological analyses and instrumentation. All interventions are recorded and documented in detail.